Newspaper correspondent, 1845-1862, correspondent New York Tribune, 1855, famous anti-slavery journalist. Admitted to Illinois bar, 1852. Moved to Lawrence, Kansas, 1855, began practice of law.
A founder Town of Salina (Kansas), 1858. 1st justice Kansas Supreme Court under Leavenworth Constitution, 1857. Raised some of 1st troops in Kansas during Civil War, served as officer United States Army, prominent as commander Cherokee Indian Regiment in Indian Territory and Arkansas, left army as colonel 3d Indian Regiment, 1865.
Prosecuting attorney Cherokee County (Kansas), 1865. Member Kansas Legislature, 1865. Member United States House of Representatives from Kansas, 43d-45th congresses, 1873-1879, chiefly interested in land legislation.
President Kansas History Society Author: The Conquest of Kansas by Missouri and her Allies (an anti-slavery political tract supporting Fremont), 1856. Labor, Land and Law, A Search for the Missing Wealth of the Working People, 1888.