Solicitor of Alabama, 1842-1845. Member Alabama Senate, 1845-1847, Alabama House of Representatives, 1851-1852. Judge Alabama Circuit Court, 1852-1860.
Alabama commissioner to Georgia Secession Convention, 1860. Alabama delegate to provisional Confederate Congress, aided in framing Confederate Constitution. Governor Alabama, 1861-1863, constructed necessary defenses, especially tried to defend port of Mobile, raised and equipped troops, cared for families of soldiers, strongly supported Davis government and such unpopular measures as conscription.
Defeated for reelection, 1863, retired from political life.
Born April 23, 1818