logo logo

John Gill Shorter

John Gill Shorter, American governor of Alabama, Confederate congressman. member Alabama Senate, 1845-1847, Alabama House of Representatives, 1851-1852.

Background

  • Shorter, John Gill was born on April 23, 1818 in Monticello, Georgia, United States. Son of Reuben and Martha (Gill) Shorter.

  • Education

    • Graduated from the University Georgia, 1837.

    Career

    • Solicitor of Alabama, 1842-1845. Member Alabama Senate, 1845-1847, Alabama House of Representatives, 1851-1852. Judge Alabama Circuit Court, 1852-1860.

      Alabama commissioner to Georgia Secession Convention, 1860. Alabama delegate to provisional Confederate Congress, aided in framing Confederate Constitution. Governor Alabama, 1861-1863, constructed necessary defenses, especially tried to defend port of Mobile, raised and equipped troops, cared for families of soldiers, strongly supported Davis government and such unpopular measures as conscription.

      Defeated for reelection, 1863, retired from political life.

    Membership

    Member Alabama Senate, 1845-1847, Alabama House of Representatives, 1851-1852.

    Connections

    • Married Mary Jane Battle, January 12, 1843, 1 child Admitted to Eufaula (Alabama) bar, 1838.
    • father: Reuben Shorter
    • mother: Martha (Gill) Shorter
    • spouse: Mary Jane Battle
    See on larger map
    Died March 29, 1872
    (aged 53)
    Nationality