Admitted to South Carolina. bar, 1843. Appointed secretary legation in London, England., 1852-1857. Assistant United States secretary state, June-December 1860.
Had important part in negotiations over Charleston forts. In Civil War, member staffs Governor Andrew Magarth and General Roswell S. Ripley, as a member Executive Council of South Carolina. Representative Anderson District in South Carolina.
Legislature, 1862-1866. A counselor for United States before Halifax Fishery Commission, 1877. Went to China to arrange for modification of Burlingame Treaty regarding Chinese immigration, 1880.
Concluded treaty with Colombia for the regulation of America rights in Isthmus of Panama, 1881. Appointed to negotiate a commercial treaty with Mexico, 1882 (never put in operation). Delegate to Pan-American Conference, 1889.
Author: The Position and Course of the South (summary of social and economics view), 1850. Diplomatic History of the Administrations of Washington and Adams, 1857.
Born November 10, 1822