Admitted to Ohio bar, 1842. Member Ohio Legislature, 1845-1846. Editor Dayton (O.) Empire, 1847-1849.
Delegate National Democratic Convention, 1856, 68. Member United States House of Representatives from Ohio, 35th-37th congresses, May 25, 1858-1863, offered series resolutions in 37th Congress in which he argued against use of war in preserving Union. Secretary National Democratic Convention, 1860.
Arrested in Dayton, 1863, tried for treason, convicted but released by President Lincoln. Worked for peace organization in Northern cities, 1863-1864.