10 children. Admitted to Alabama bar, 1840. Member Alabama Legislature from Butler County, 1842, 44, 45, from Montgomery County, 1849. Member Alabama Senate, 1853.
Leader Union forces in Alabama in campaign of 1860. Member Alabama Secession Convention of 1861. Organizer colonel 17th Alabama Regiment, 1861.
Honorably discharged to become attorney general Confederacy, 1862. 16th governor Alabama, 1863-1865. Sent to Northern prison, 1865, received pardon from President Johnson, 1868.
Resumed law practice, Montgomery, Alabama, circa 1868.