Admitted to bar, 1847. Partner in law firm (with S. D. King), 1847-1861. Mayor Newark, 1856; member (Democrat) Ohio General Assembly, 1857, 59.
Commissioned lieutenant colonel 76th Ohio Infantry, 1862, left in service as brevet major general, 1866. Settled in Alabama; chancellor Middle Chancery Division of Alabama, 1868. Judge 5th United States Circuit Court (appointed by President Grant), 1869-1880.
Justice Supreme Court of the United States Court, 1880-1887. Author: Wood’s Reports, 4 vols., 1875-1883.