Practiced in Ohio, 1850-1857. Removed to Dubuque, Iowa, 1857. Delegate Republican State Convention, 1859, National Republican Convention, Chicago, 1860.
Member governor’s staff and raised troops for Civil War, 1861. Member Congress, 1863-1871. United States senator, Iowa, 1873-1909.
Candidate for presidential nomination, National Republican Convention, 1888, 96. Home: Dubuque, Ia.