Removed to Chicago, 1847. Civil engineer on I.C. R.R., 1856-1859. Practiced at Denver, 1859-1862, where he was part proprietor of the original townsite.
In 1862 went to Santa Fe in employ of government to survey public land in New Mexico and while so engaged secured records and documents of the department, saving them from the raid made into New Mexico, by the Confederates by taking them, under escort, to Fort Union. Was aid on staff of General Donaldson of Union Army and also served, with same rank, under Brig. General Stough, at battle of Apache Cañon.
Returned to Chicago, 1864. Director and president Chicago Telephone Сompany.
Born August 1, 1836