Party affiliation: Republican
Served in Civil war, captain and major 20th Michigan, 1862. Lieutenant colonel and colonel, 1863. Brevetted brigadier general, 1865.
Admitted to bar, 1866. Regent University of Michigan, 1875-1883. Member Congress, 1883-1891.
Member United States Board of Ordnance and Fortification, 1891-1895. Editorial writer, 1895-1898. Practicing law, since 1898.