Party affiliation: Democrat
Member House of Representatives, 1854. Went to Minneapolis, 1858. With W. W. Eastman, built the first flour mill and first woolen mill in Minneapolis.
Settled in Fort Benton, Montana, 1879. First examined Falls of the Missouri, 1882, and at once founded city of Great Falls. Member Constitutional Convention, 1889.
Member Montana Senate, 1891. United States senator, 1901-1905, for unexpired term of William A. Clark, resigned.
Born July 1, 1830