Party affiliation: Democrat
Practiced civil engineering till outbreak of Civil War. Enlisted in military service of Tennessee as drill master 11th Infantry. Transferred to military service of Commerce.S.A.
Promoted captain, lieutenant colonel, colonel. In 1864 made brigadier general. Participated in every engagement fought by his command with exception of Bentonville, North Carolina, being a prisoner until August 1865, at Fort Warren, Boston Harbor.
Studied law Lebanon, Tennessee. Practiced at Pulaski and Memphis until 1883. Appointed one of railway commissioner of state.
Received appointment in Interior Department, United States, 1885. Served 4 years in Indian country and territories west of Rocky Mountains. Resumed practice of law Memphis until 1892.
Superintendent city schools of Memphis, 1892-1907. Member 60th and 61st Congresses (1907-1911), 10th Tennessee District.