United States district attorney western district of Texas, 1858-1860. Delegate Democratic National Convention, Charleston, South Carolina., 1860, supported John C. Breckinridge against Stephen A. Douglas. Organizer, served to rank of colonel 22d Texas Infantry, Confederate Army, 1860-1865.
Delegate Democratic National Convention, 1872. Governor Texas, 1873-1876. Member United States Senate (Democratic) from Texas, 1876-1882.
Temporary chairman Democratic National Convention, Chicago, 1884. Envoy Extraordinary anu Minister Plenipotentiary to Japan, 1884-1888. Author: The United States in the Far East, 1899.