Bar, 1848; clerk Recorder’s Court, San Francisco, 1850. District attorney Sacramento County (California), 1851. Member United States House of Representatives (Democrat) from California, 33d Congress, 1853-1855.
Collector Port of San Francisco, 1855-1857. Governor California, January 9-14, 1860. Member United States Senate from California, 1860-1863.
Manager San Francisco office London & San Francisco Bank, 1865-1872. President New York Mining and Stock Exchange, New York City, 1880-1882.