Admitted to New York bar, 1852. Settled at Napa, California, 1853. Member Indiana State Senate, 1860.
Commissioned colonel 29th Indiana Volunteer Infantry, 1861, participated in battles of Stone River, Liberty Gap, Nashville, Tennessee. Commissioned brigadier general United States Volunteers at Nashville, 1864, brevetted major general, 1865. Collector Port of San Francisco, 1865-1869.
President Alaska Commercial Company. Republican candidate for presidential elector, 1872, 76, 80. Member California Constitutional Convention.
Member United States Senate from California (Republican), 1881-1886, Chairman of Commission on foreign relations.
Born November 21, 1831
Died March 8, 1886