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Whitelaw Reid

Whitelaw Reid, American diplomat, journalist. member Peace Commn.

Background

  • Reid, Whitelaw was born on October 27, 1837 in Xenia, Ohio, United States. Son of Robert Charlton and Marian (Ronalds) Reid.

  • Education

    • Bachelor of Arts, Miami University, Oxford, O., 1856, A.M., 1859. Honorary Master of Arts, U. City of New York, 1872, Dartmouth, 1873. Doctor of Laws, Miami, 1890, Princeton, 1899, Yale, 1901, Cambridge, 1902, St. Andrew’s, 1905, Manchester, 1909.

      Doctor of Civil Law, Oxford, 1907.

    Career

    • D. O. Mills, April 26, 1881. Edited Xenia (O.) News, 1858-1859. Legislative correspondent, 1860-1861, war correspondent, 1861-1862, Washington correspondent, 1862-1868, Cincinnati Gazette.

      A.-d.-c. staff of Generals Thomas A. Morris and W. S. Rosecrans in West Virginia. Clerk. military committee, 37th Congress, 1862-1863. Librarian House of Representatives, 1863-1866.

      Cotton planter, Concordia Parish, Louisiana, 1866-1867. Editorial staff New York Tribune, 1868, managing editor, 1869, editor-in-chief and chief proprietor, 1872-1905. Began tall building movement in New York by erection new Tribune Building, 1873.

      Introduced linotype and organized Linotype Company Declined appmts. as United States minister to Germany, 1877 and 1881. Elected to board of regents, 1878, vice-chancellor, 1902, and chancellor, 1904, U. State of New York. United States minister to France, 1889-1892.

      Republican nominee for Vice-President United States, 1892. Special ambassador of the United States to Queen Victoria’s jubilee, 1897. Member Peace Commission to Paris, 1898.

      Special ambassador for Coronation of Edward VII, 1902. United States ambassador to England, since 1905. Author: After the War, a Southern Tour, 1867.

      Ohio in the War, 1868. Schools of Journalism, 1870. Newspaper Tendencies, 1874.

      Town Hall Suggestions, 1881. Introduction to English edit. Talleyrand’s Memoirs, 1891.

      Two Speeches at the Queen’s Jubilee, 1897. Some Consequences of the Last Treaty of Paris, 1899. Our New Duties, 1899.

      Later Aspects of Our New Duties, 1899. A Continental Union, 1900. Our New Interests, 1900.

      Problems of Expansion, 1900. Carnegie Institute Address, 1902. Monroe Doctrine, 1903.

      Greatest Fact in Modern History, 1906. How America Faced Its Educational Problem, 1906. Introduction Centenary edit.

      Thackeray’s Vanity Fair, London, 1908. Home: Purchase, New York.

    Works

    • Editorial staff New York Tribune, 1868, managing editor, 1869, editor-in-chief and chief proprietor, 1872-1905. Began tall building movement in New York by erection new Tribune Building, 1873. Introduced linotype and organized Linotype Company Declined appmts. as United States minister to Germany, 1877 and 1881.

      Elected to board of regents, 1878, vice-chancellor, 1902, and chancellor, 1904, U. State of New York. United States minister to France, 1889-1892. Republican nominee for Vice-President United States, 1892.

      Special ambassador of the United States to Queen Victoria’s jubilee, 1897. Member Peace Commission to Paris, 1898. Special ambassador for Coronation of Edward VII, 1902.

      United States ambassador to England, since 1905. Author: After the War, a Southern Tour, 1867. Ohio in the War, 1868.

      Schools of Journalism, 1870. Newspaper Tendencies, 1874. Town Hall Suggestions, 1881.

      Introduction to English edit. Talleyrand’s Memoirs, 1891. Two Speeches at the Queen’s Jubilee, 1897.

      Some Consequences of the Last Treaty of Paris, 1899. Our New Duties, 1899. Later Aspects of Our New Duties, 1899.

      A Continental Union, 1900. Our New Interests, 1900. Problems of Expansion, 1900.

      Carnegie Institute Address, 1902. Monroe Doctrine, 1903. Greatest Fact in Modern History, 1906.

      How America Faced Its Educational Problem, 1906. Introduction Centenary edit. Thackeray’s Vanity Fair, London, 1908.

    Membership

    Member Peace Commn.

    Connections

    • Married Elizabeth, d.
    • father: Robert Charlton Reid
    • mother: Marian (Ronalds) Reid
    • spouse: Elizabeth
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    Born October 27, 1837
    Died December 15, 1912
    (aged 75)
    Nationality