Party affiliation: Republican
Went to Illinois in childhood. Educated district schools Sheriff McLean Company, Illinois, 1860-1862. Served, 1861-1865, as captain Company E, 94th Illinois Vols.
In business, Bloomington, Illinois, 1865. Treasurer McLean Company, 1865-1869. United States marshal, Southern District Illinois, 1869-1871.
2d assistant postmaster general United States, 1871-1875. Appointed governor of Colorado Ty. by President Grant, 1875-1876. Elected 1st governor of state, 1876.
Mayor of Denver, 1883-1885. Again governor, 1890-1892.