Admitted to bar, 1876. In practice, 1876-1881. Member 47th to 50th Congresses (1881-1889), chairman Committee on Foreign Affairs, 1885-1889.
Envoy Extraordinary anu Minister Plenipotentiary to Spain, 1888-1889. Delegate Democratic National Convention, 1890, 96, 1900, 04, 12. Major inspector general 1st Division, 2d Army Corps, United States.V., 1898.
Commissioned captain United States Q.-M. corpus, United States army, May 1917.