Educated at Lynchburg College and Doctor Gessner Harrison’s University School. (Doctor of Laws, Washington and Lee, 1883, University of Michigan, 1887). In C.S.A. of Northern Virginia throughout war.
Wounded 4 times; became adjutant general on General Early’s staff. Studied law, University of Virginia, 1865-1866. Admitted to bar, 1866.
Member Virginia House of Delegates, 1869-1872, Senate, 1875-1881. Presidential elector, 1876. Defeated for government of Virginia, 1881.
Member 49th Congress (1885-1887). United States senator, 1887-1893, 1893-1899, 1899-1905, 1905-1911, and reëlected, January 1910, for term 1911-1917. Author: Attachments Under the Code of Virginia.
Negotiable Instruments. Etc. Home: Lynchburg, Va.