Enlisted in 12th Massachusetts Infantry, August 5, 1862. Participated in battles of Rappahannock Station, Thoroughfare Gap, 2d Bull Run, Chantilly, South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg (lost right arm). Honorary discharge October 28, 1863.
Massachusetts State government employe, 1864-1883. Employee and later chief settlement div., board directors of public instns., Boston, 1883-1901. Commissioner soldiers’ relief department, Boston, since 1901.