Served in Union Army, Lieutenant to major, 1861-1865. Admitted to bar, 1866. Member West Virginia House of Representatives, 1867.
United State Attorneys, District West Virginia, 1868-1881. Republican candidate for Congress, 1870, 1874, for government, 1876. Secretary of the Navy in cabinet of President Hayes, 1881.
Again United States district attorney, 1881-1882. Member 48th to 50th Congresses (1883-1889). Elected governor West Virginia, 1888, on the face of returns by plurality of 130 votes, but election was contested by the Democratic candidate, who was seated by a majority vote of the legislature.
United States circuit judge, 4th Circuit, 1892-1911. Judge The United States of America Circuit Court of Appeals, January 1912-1913. United States senator, 1913-1919.
Address: Clarksburg, West Virginia.
Born February 9, 1843