Party affiliation: Republican
Sergt. 40th New York Infantry, June 27, 1861. Second lieutenant, November 4, 1861. First lieutenant, July 8, 1862.
Captain a.-a.-g. vols., February 29, 1864. Major a.-a.-g. vols., January 15, 1865. Bvtd. lieutenant colonel and colonel vols., March 13, 1865, for faithful and efficient services during the war, and gallant conduct in the field.
Bvtd. major, United States of America, March 2, 1867, for gallant and meritorious services at Gettysburg. Lieutenant colonel United States Army, March 2, 1867, for same at Fort Fisher. Honorary mustered out of volunteer service, September 1, 1866.
Appointed First lieutenant 14th United States Infantry, November 29, 1865. Captain 34th Infantry, July 28, 1866. Honorary discharged at own request, December 29, 1870.
Officer on staffs, Generals Phil. Kearney, Birney, Stoneman, A. H. Terry. Served in all operations and battles Army of Potomac.
Settled in Minnesota. Pioneer in many of the important business enterprises of Duluth.
Born August 14, 1839