Party affiliation: Democrat
Practiced law at Selma, Alabama, 1866-1884. Lived at Birmingham, since 1884. President Alabama National Bank, 1884-1894.
Was 1st president Sloss Iron and Steel Company Governor of Alabama, 2 terms, 1896-1900. Unanimously elected United States senator, August, 1907, for unexpired term (1907-1909) of Edmund W. Pettus, deceased, and for term 1909-1915.