Jesuit College, LaSalle, Illinois, and Hamline U., Minnesota, 1856-1861. Private 1st Minnesota Infantry, April 18, 1861. Second lieutenant, August 1861.
First lieutenant, September 1862. Captain, July 1863; major 11th Minnesota Infantry, September 1, 1864. Engaged in all battles of Army of Potomac.
Twice promoted for gallantry. One of the 47 survivors of the famous charge of the 1st Minnesota at Gettysburg.