Admitted to District of Columbia Bar, 1870. Went to San Francisco, and practiced law there until 1886, when he became a trustee of the estate of William Sharon, formerly United States senator from Nevada. Removed to Nevada, 1889.
Was active as advocate of bimetallism. For years v.chmn. National Silver Committee. Active in irrigation development and other matters of western interest.
Member 53d to 57th Congresses (1893-1903). Framed the Newlands Reclamation Act and was member commission on Ways and Means, Foreign Affairs, etc. Was elected by the Democratic party United States senator, terms, 1903-1909, 1909-1915, 1915-1921.
Chairman of Commission on Interstate Commerce. Prominent in rate legislation. Author of bill for river regulation, trade commission Address: Reno, Nev.