Party affiliation: Republican
Private 36th Massachusetts Vols., 1862-1865. Reporter and editor Boston Daily Advertiser, 1865-1879. Private and military secretary to governments Talbot and Long, 1879-1882.
Private secretary to Collector Worthington, 1882-1885, to the United States Senator Dawes, 1885-1890, to Collector Beard, 1890. Adjunct general, G.A.R., 1882, inspector general, 1896, senior v.-commander-in-chief, 1903. Lieutenant colonel and assistant adjutant general, 1st Brigade, Massachusetts Vol.