Party affiliation: Democrat
Admitted to bar, 1866. Member Texas Senate, 1873. Chairman Democratic State Executive Committee, 1875-1878.
Lieutenant governor of Texas, 1879-1880. Elected 49th to 55th Congresses (1885-1899). Resigned from 55th Congress, January 16, 1899.
Governor of Texas, 2 terms, 1899-1903. Chairman Industrial Accident Board of Texas, 1913-1915. Member Board of Legal Examiners, Texas, 1922-1926.
Member Board of Pardon Advisers, since 1927.
Born September 23, 1841