Party affiliation: Republican
Admitted to bar, 1866. In practice at Warren, Pennsylvania. Also interested in lumbering, oil producing and farming.
County superintendent schools Warren County, Pennsylvania, 1865. Member Pennsylvania House of Representatives, 1870-1871, Senate, 1877-1878. Lieutenant governor of Pennsylvania, 1879-1883.
Secretary of the commonwealth, 1887-1890. Elected 51st Congress, 1890, for unexpired term (1890-1891) of L. F. Watson, deceased. Reëlected 52d to 55th Congresses (1891-1899), 27th Pennsylvania District.
Born June 29, 1843