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Oscar Solomon Straus

Oscar Solomon Straus, ambassador. member firm L. Straus & Sons, importers pottery and glassware, New York, 1881-1906. Envoy Extraordinary anu Minister Plenipotentiary to Turkey, 1887-1889, 1898-1901; member Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague, 1902, to fill vacancy of ex-President Harrison.

Background

  • Straus, Oscar Solomon was born on December 23, 1850. Son of Lazarus and Sara (Straus) Straus.

  • Education

    • Lived at Talbotton, Georgia, and afterwards at Columbus, Georgia, until 1865, when he removed to New York. Bachelor of Arts, Columbia, 1871, Bachelor of Laws, 1873, A.M., 1874. Doctor of Letters, Brown, 1896.

      Doctor of Laws, Washington and Lee, 1898, University of Pennsylvania, 1900, Columbia, 1904.

    Career

    • Practiced law at New York, 1873-1881. Member firm L. Straus & Sons, importers pottery and glassware, New York, 1881-1906. Envoy Extraordinary anu Minister Plenipotentiary to Turkey, 1887-1889, 1898-1901.

      Appointed member Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague, 1902, to fill vacancy of ex-President Harrison. Reapptd. by Presidents Roosevelt, Taft and Wilson. Secretary Department Commerce and Labor, in cabinet of President Roosevelt, December 17, 1906-March 4, 1909.

      Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Turkey, May 1909-December 1910. Chairman New York Public Service Commission, 1st district, 1915-1918. President New York Board of Trade and Transportation, National Primary League, American Social Science Association.

      Vice president National Civic Federation, International Law Association Author: The Origin of Republican Form of Government in the United States, 1886. Rogers Williams, the Pioneer of Religious Liberty, 1894. The Development of Religious Liberty in the United States, 1896.

      Reform in the Consular Service, 1897. United States Doctrine of Citizenship, 1901. Our Diplomacy with Reference to our Foreign Service, 1902.

      The American Spirit, 1913. Under Four Administrations, 1922. Chairman arbitration commission to decide wage dispute bet. eastern rys. and their engrs., 1912.

      Chairman Paris Committee of League to Enforce Peace, 1919. Member President Wilson’s 2d Industrial Conference Home: New York, New York.

    Works

    • Author: The Origin of Republican Form of Government in the United States, 1886. Rogers Williams, the Pioneer of Religious Liberty, 1894. The Development of Religious Liberty in the United States, 1896.

      Reform in the Consular Service, 1897. United States Doctrine of Citizenship, 1901. Our Diplomacy with Reference to our Foreign Service, 1902.

      The American Spirit, 1913. Under Four Administrations, 1922. Chairman arbitration commission to decide wage dispute bet. eastern rys. and their engrs., 1912.

      Chairman Paris Committee of League to Enforce Peace, 1919. Member President Wilson’s 2d Industrial Conference.

    Membership

    Member firm L. Straus & Sons, importers pottery and glassware, New York, 1881-1906. Envoy Extraordinary anu Minister Plenipotentiary to Turkey, 1887-1889, 1898-1901. Member Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague, 1902, to fill vacancy of ex-President Harrison.

    Connections

    • Married Sarah, d.
    • father: Lazarus Straus
    • mother: Sara (Straus) Straus
    • spouse: Sarah
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    Born December 23, 1850
    Died March 3, 1926
    (aged 75)