Enlisted as private 44th New York Vol. Infantry (“Elsworth Avengers”), August 7, 1861. Successively corporal to actg. a.-a.-g.
Colonel 89th United States.C.T., September 19, 1863-June 20, 1864. Assistant postmaster Buffalo, 1870-1873. Defeated for sheriff Erie County by Grover Cleveland but elected to succeed him for term, 1874-1876.
Member 49th to 50th Congresses (1885-1889), 33d New York District. Commissioner of immigration port of New York, 1890-1893. Chairman commission to investigate in Europe causes inciting immigration.
Visited various European countries, chiefly Russia, in connection with Jewish persecutions. Commissioner general Pan-American Exposition, Buffalo, 1901. Home: Lackawanna, New York.