Party affiliation: Republican
Private 32d Pennsylvania Infantry in Gettysburg campaign. Made tour of Southern States at close of Civil War for New York Tribune. Was its chief Washington correspondent, 1866-1870.
Chief executive clerk, United States Senate, 1873-1879, and 1883-1892. Chief clerk Department of Justice, 1881-1883. One of founders Philadelphia Evening Star and its Washington correspondent for 30 years.
Member 55th to 57th Congresses (1897-1903), 4th Pennsylvania District. Superintendent dead letter office Post Office Department, 1905-1913. Superintendent of the Postal Savings Depository, Philadelphia Postoffice, 1913-1915.