Clerk District Court, Douglas Company, Kansas, 1886-1890. Owner and editor Salina Daily Republican, 1890-1895, Ottawa (Kansas) Herald, 1895-1905, Salina Daily Republican-Journal, 1903-1925. Private secretary to Governor Morrill, 1895-1897.
4th assistant postmaster general, 1897-1905. Secretary Republican State Committee, 1894-1898. Had charge of invesigation of Cuban postal frauds and reorganization of Cuban postal service, 1900.
Conducted the postal investigation under Roosevelt administration, 1903. Special commissioner Panama R.R., 1905. United States senator, 1909-1915.
Chairman Kansas Utilities Commission, 1915-1918. Now in charge of large estate near Fairfax, Virginia.