Party affiliation: Republican
Educated University of Virginia, 1877-1879. Bachelor of Laws, Columbian (now George Washington University, 1879. Admitted to bar, 1878.
Unmarried. Resided in Colorado, 1879-1884. Member Colorado House of Representatives, 1880. Colonel on staff Governor Eaton of Colorado, 1884.
Made 2 tours of Europe for Chicago Exposition, 1891, 1892. Member Illinois House of Representatives, 1888-1897. Colonel on staffs of governments Fifer, Oglesby and Altgeld, of Illinois, 1887-1896.
Envoy Extraordinary anu Minister Plenipotentiary to China, 1897-1898, to Brazil, 1898-1902, to Switzerland, 1902-1903, to Portugal, 1903-1909, to Belgium, 1909-1911. A.E and P. to Japan, August 12, 1911-November 1912.