Party affiliation: Democrat
Member Texas Senate, 1895-1899. State revenue agent, 8 months, 1898. Member state tax commission, 1899-1900.
Railroad commissioner, 1903-1911. Governor of Texas 2 terms, 1911-1915. Engaged in oil business.
Member United States Board of Mediation, May since 1929.
Born December 16, 1861