Party affiliation: Republican
Began study of law before leaving San Francisco. Clerk in the United States marshal’s office, Los Angeles, 1888-1892, and admitted to bar. Assistant United State Attorneys, Los Angeles, 1892-1893.
Practiced law as partner with Judge M. T. Allen, 1893-1895. United State Attorneys, Southern District of California, 1897-1901. United States senator, 1905-1911.
Member Flint & MacKay.