Entered government service April 1879. In Naval Rendezvous, Washington, until 1881. Then on United States Ship Tallapoosa until that vessel was wrecked, August 1885.
Clerk to captain, to Secretary of the Navy, and to the President. Cruised around the world, 1886-1889. United States consul at Ningpo, China, 1890-1896, at Chefoo, China, 1896-1912, Foochow, China, July 1, 1912-1914, at Rimouski, Canada, December 29, 1914-October 21, 1915.
Resigned. Appointed consul-general, February 2, 1904, reappointed consul, June 10, 1908. Appointed consul at Riviere du Loup, Canada, March 12, 1915, but declined.