Party affiliation: Republican
Admitted to bar, 1875. Practiced at Yankton, South Dakot, until 1915. Since at Sioux Falls, South Dakot.
Was member Gamble Brothers, 1876-1891 (John R. Gamble elected to Congress, 1890, but died 1891, before taking seat). District attorney, 2d Judicial District, Dak. Ty., 1880; city attorney, Yankton, 1881-1882.
Member South Dakot Senate, 1885. Chairman Republican State Convention, 1892-1893. Member 54th and 56th Congresses (1895-1897, 1899-1901).
United States senator for terms, 1901-1907, 1907-1913.