Admitted to bar, 1876. Began practice at New Ulm, Minnesota, 1877. Now practicing at Minneapolis.
Receiver land office at Tracy, Minnesota, 1881-1885. Member 50th to 52d Congresses (1887-1893). First lieutenant and quartermaster 12th Minnesota Vols. during Spanish-American War.
Democratic nominee for government of Minnesota, 1896. Governor, 1899-1901; defeated for reëlection, 1900. Member 58th Congress (1903-1905), 4th Minnesota District President board regents University of Minnesota Appointed by President Wilson as his envoy and personal representative to Mexico, August 3, 1913.
Acting as chairman of Advisory Council to the Secretary of Labor, Washington. Member Wage Umpire Board, July 13, 1918. Home: Minneapolis, Minn.