Admitted to Massachusetts bar, in practice at Boston. Was editor-in-chief Boston Daily Advertiser. Delaware Republican National Convention, 1888, delegate at-large, 1900, 16 (seconded nomination of General Gresham for presidency, 1888).
Member Massachusetts House of Representatives, 1888, 89, 92. Member 53d to 62d Congresses (1893-1913), 8th Massachusetts District. Member Ways and Means Committee 14 years.
Governor of Massachusetts, 1916, 17, 18.
Author: Life of Thaddeus Stevens (American Statesmen Series), 1899. The Business of Congress (the Blumenthal lectures, Columbia University), 1911. Life of Thomas B. Reed (American Statesmen Series), 1914.
The Liberty of Citizenship (Dodge lectures, Yale University), 1915. Cole lecturer at Bowdoin. Phi Beta Kappa orator at Harvard, Dartmouth and Tufts.