Reared on farm; went to Leadville, Colorado, 1879. Practiced civil and mining engineering, 1878-1888. Devoted attention to own mining interests from 1888 until retired.
Owner Penrose and Harvard mines. Was manager Down Town Mines Company, Leadville. Mayor of Leadville, 1899-1905.
Elected state senator, 1902. Elected lieutenant governor of Colorado, November 1904, and presided over Senate and joint sessions of 15th General Assembly. Governor of Colorado, 1905-1906.
Chairman Republican State Central Committee, 1910-1914, and 1931-1934.
Born June 30, 1858