Party affiliation: Democrat
Taught school and later engaged in mercantile business at Barada, Nebraska. County treasurer, Richardson County, 1896-1899. Mayor Falls City, 1900.
Member Nebraska Senate, 1910-1911. President pro tem of Senate and Lieutenant-governor, 1910-1911. Governor of Nebraska, terms 1913-1915, 1915-1917.
Member 68th to 73d Congresses (1923-1935), 1st Nebraska District Nominated for United States Senate, 1918, for government for 3d time, 1920.