Appointed clerk, War Department, Washington, 1888. Transferred to State Department, 1890. Chief bureau of Appointments, 1898-1905.
Consul at Collingwood, Canada, 1905-1906, Port Elizabeth, South Africa, 1906-1910. Consul-general at Hankow, China, 1910-1911. Consul at Plauen, Germany, 1911-1915, at Victoria, B.C., March 2, since 1915.
Editor, Executive Register of the United States, 1789-1902, 1902.