Second secretary, and secretary American Legation at Peking, 1884-1888. Charge d’affaires ad interim, Seoul, Korea, December 11, 1886-April 3, 1887. Two scientific missions to China and Tibet under auspices of Smithsonian Institution, 1888-1892.
Chief clerk Department of State, 1893-1894. 3d assistant secretary of state, 1894-1895, 1st assistant, 1896-1897. Envoy Extraordinary anu Minister Plenipotentiary to Greece, Rumania and Servia, 1897-1899.
Director International Bureau American Republics, 1899-1905. Envoy Extraordinary anu Minister Plenipotentiary to China, 1905-1909. Ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary to Russia, June 1, 1900-April 1911, to Turkey, April 1911-November 1913.
Resigned. United States commissioner to China, July 1900. Plenipotentiary of the United States to Congress of Peking, for settlement of Boxer troubles, February-September 1901, signing final protocol of September 7, 1901. Author of various works on Oriental subjects.
Corresponding member Institute de France, etc. Home: Litchfield, Conn.