Party affiliation: Republican
Worked at Government printing office, Washington, 6 years. Was one of company of union printers to establish Washington Craftsman (organ International Typographical Union). Was its first associate editor.
Returned to native county, 1884, and successively edited the Punxsutawney Tribune and Punxsutawney Spirit. Member Pennsylvania General Assembly, 1889-1897. During summer and fall of 1892 edited Bradford, Pennsylvania, Daily Era.
Purchased half interest, 1893, and now editor Punxsutawney Spirit. Member Congress, 27th Pennsylvania district, 1903-1907.