He was admitted to the bar. During the Revolutionary War he served in the Third and later the Second New Jersey Regiment of the Continental Army (1776-1783), attaining the rank of captain. He was taken prisoner at Elizabethtown, N.J., and later exchanged.
He was a member of the State general assembly in 1786-1787, 1790, and served as speaker in 1790.
He was a delegate to the Federal Constitutional Convention in 1787 and signed the Constitution.
He was also a delegate to the Continental Congress 1787-1788.
He was a member of the State council in 1790.
He was elected to the Second and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1791-March 3, 1799).
He served as a Speaker of the House of Representatives (Fourth and Fifth Congresses).
He was a chairman for the Committee on Elections (Third Congress). He was not a candidate for renomination in 1798, having become a candidate for the United States Senate. He was elected as a Federalist to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1799, to March 3, 1805.
In 1807 he was arrested on the charge of conspiring with Aaron Burr in treasonable projects but subsequently released and never brought to trial.
He was a member of the New Jersey assembly in 1814-1815.
Born October 16, 1760
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