logo logo

Aleksandr Danilovich Danilovich ALEKSANDROV

Aleksandr ALEKSANDROV, USSR Mathematician. Doctor of Physico-Mathematical Science; Professor; corresponding member, USSR Academy of Science, since 1946; Rector, Leningrad University, since 1950. Stalin Prize, 1942. Member, Communist Party, since 1951.

Background

  • Aleksandrov, Aleksandr Danilovich was born on July 22, 1912 in Riazan’ province, Russia.

  • Education

    • University of Lenigrad.

    Career

    • Founded coherent Soviet school of geometry. Constructed from the most general hypotheses internal geometry of convex surfaces. Investigated internal multiform geometry, governed by natural geometric requirements.

      1958 elected V.-President, “USSRItaly” Society. 1959 headed Leningrad delegation Harvard University. Deputy, Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic Supreme Sov, of 1959 convocation.

    Works

    • Main publications:

      (1951) 'Ob idealizme v matematike' [On idealism in mathematics], Priroda [Nature] 7: 3-11
    • 8: 3-9.

      (1953) 'Po povodu nekotorykh vzgliadov na teoriiu otnositel’nosti' [Apropos of certain views of the theory of relativity], Voprosy fdosofii [Problems of Philosophy] 5: 225-45.

      (1957) ‘Dialektika i nauka’ [Dialectics and science], Veslnik Akademii nauk SSSR 6: 3-17.

      (1959) ‘Fiiosofskoe soderzhanie i znachenie teorii otnositel'nosti' [The philosophical content and significance of the theory of relativity], Voprosy fdosofii [Problems of Philosphy 1: 67-84].

      Secondary literature:

      Graham. Loren R. Science and Philosophy in the Soviet Union, New York: Alfred A. Knopf
    • revised second edition. Science, Philosophy, and Human Behavior in the Soviet Union, Columbia University Press, 1987 (bibliography and discussion).

    Politics

    Member, Communist Party, since 1951.

    Religion

    Religiously inspired people justify violence, resist social changes, and attack on science.

    Views

    An internationally renowned mathematician, Aleksandrov played an influential role in the Soviet debates concerning the relation between dialectical materialism and the sciences in the 1950s. Fully accepting dialectical materialism as the correct worldview and a valuable scientific methodology, he none the less was a leader in the defence of quantum theory and relativity theory against the attacks of Marxist-Leninist dogmatists. He argued that those theories, far from denying the objective reality of the material world, as some claimed, actually confirmed the materialist outlook and established its relevance to science.

    It was largely through the efforts of Aleksandrov, V. A. Fock and others that Soviet theoretical physics survived the ideological assaults of the time. Aleksandrov was also noted for his support of science as Rector of University of Lenigrad. where genetics was reintroduced into the curriculum as early as 1957.

    Membership

    Member, Communist Party, since 1951.

    Personality

    Interests

    Philosophy of physics. Dialectical materialism. Principles of geometry.

    See on larger map
    Born July 22, 1912
    Nationality
    Ethnicity:

    Contributor  

    Anastasiya Shalkevich

    last changed 13/05/2017 view changes
    • Other Names
    • Spelling variants for First Name
    • Spelling variants for Last/Family/Name
    • Awards
      • null
    • Address
    • Family description
    • Works
      • Main publications: (1951) 'Ob idealizme v matematike' [On idealism in mathematics], Priroda [Nature] 7: 3-11
      • 8: 3-9. (1953) 'Po povodu nekotorykh vzgliadov na teoriiu otnositel’nosti' [Apropos of certain views of the theory of relativity], Voprosy fdosofii [Problems of Philosophy] 5: 225-45. (1957) ‘Dialektika i nauka’ [Dialectics and science], Veslnik Akademii nauk SSSR 6: 3-17. (1959) ‘Fiiosofskoe soderzhanie i znachenie teorii otnositel'nosti' [The philosophical content and significance of the theory of relativity], Voprosy fdosofii [Problems of Philosphy 1: 67-84]. Secondary literature: Graham. Loren R. Science and Philosophy in the Soviet Union, New York: Alfred A. Knopf
      • revised second edition. Science, Philosophy, and Human Behavior in the Soviet Union, Columbia University Press, 1987 (bibliography and discussion).
        • Link
        • Works description
        • mainPhoto
      • 8: 3-9.(1953) 'Po povodu nekotorykh vzgliadov na teoriiu otnositel’nosti' [Apropos of certain views of the theory of relativity], Voprosy fdosofii [Problems of Philosophy] 5: 225-45.(1957) ‘Dialektika i nauka’ [Dialectics and science], Veslnik Akademii nauk SSSR 6: 3-17.(1959) ‘Fiiosofskoe soderzhanie i znachenie teorii otnositel'nosti' [The philosophical content and significance of the theory of relativity], Voprosy fdosofii [Problems of Philosphy 1: 67-84].Secondary literature:Graham. Loren R. Science and Philosophy in the Soviet Union, New York: Alfred A. Knopf
      • Main publications:(1951) 'Ob idealizme v matematike' [On idealism in mathematics], Priroda [Nature] 7: 3-11
    • Quotations
    • Favorite Sports & Clubs
    • Favorite Athletes
    • Ethnicity details
    • College/University Description
    • Favorite Political Figures
    • Favorite Philosophers & Thinkers
    • Favorite Music & Bands
    • Favorite writers
    • Favorite Artists
    • Personality
    • Quotes from others about the person
    • Physical Characteristics
    Go
    up
    Edit Profile