Party affiliation: Labour Party
Training in audiology University Florence, Italy, 1980-1983. Associate director ear, nose and throat department Hospital Campo di Marte, Lucca, Italy, 1985-1989. Training in otorhinolaryngology University Pisa, 1977-1980, assistant professor, 1980-1985, researcher Ear, Nose and Throat Clinic, since 1989.
Consultant Barbantini, private clinic, Lucca, since 1980. Director ear, nose and throat department Military School of Parachuting, Pisa, since 1980.