Resident immunology and allergy University Milan, 1976-1979, resident infectious diseases, 1979-1982, resident internal medicine, 1987. Assistant osp. Clinica Delle Malattie Infetive, Milan, 1978-1988, aiuto osp., 1988-1992. Associate professor infectious diseases University Milan, since 1992.
Secretary Italian Group for Study of Cryoglobulinemias, since 1990. Secretary Italian Association for Assitence of Cryoglobulinemias, Milan, since 1992. Councillor Italian Association Against Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Lombardy, Milan, since 1994.