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Henry Billings Brown

Henry Billings Brown, American jurist.

Background

  • Brown, Henry Billings was born on March 2, 1836 in S. Lee, Massachusetts, United States. Son of Billings and Mary (Tyler) Brown.

  • Education

    • Bachelor of Arts, Yale, 1856. Studied law in private office. Attended lectures at Yale and Harvard law schools.

      Doctor of Laws, University of Michigan, 1887, Yale, 1891.

    Career

    • Brown hired a substitute to take his place in the Union Army during the Civil War, and served as United States Attorney.

      In 1891, he paid $25,000 for land at 1720 16th Street, NW, in Washington, D.C., to the Riggs family, hired architect William Henry Miller, and built a five-story, 18-room mansion for $40,000.

      Justice Brown retired on 28 May 1906. On his retirement, the Bar of the Supreme Court resident in the District of Columbia gave him a public dinner at which were present President Theodore Roosevelt and Vice-President Charles Fairbanks, many judges of the Supreme Court, cabinet officers and others of public distinction. President Roosevelt made a complimentary speech, to which Justice Brown responded in a carefully prepared and able address.

    Major achievements

    • He edited a collection of rulings and orders in important admiralty cases from inland waters, which is still used as a reference in Black's Law Dictionary.

      He also compiled a case book on admiralty law for his lectures at Georgetown University.

      Brown is well-known for the decision in Plessy v. Ferguson, in which he wrote the majority opinion - upholding the principle and legitimacy of "separate but equal" facilities for American blacks and whites.

    Works

    • Brown's Admiralty Reports

    Politics

    Legal historian Joel Goldfarb described Brown as a Supreme Court Justice who "usually took the center position. He was neither a liberal nor a reactionary, neither an extreme nationalist nor a states' rights advocate, neither a representative of the plutocracy nor an exponent of progressivism. Brown did everything he could to prevent splits in the Court which he regarded as dangerous to its influence and dangerous to political stability . . .

    Party affiliation: Republican Party

    Religion

    Congregationalist

    Brown was a social Darwinist, and his views of women and minorities were at best, crabbed and at worst, racist.

    Views

    a reflexive social elitist

    Personality

    Interests

    Politicians: he was a loyal Republican and a strong supporter of the Union and Abraham Lincoln

    Connections

    • Married Caroline Pitts, July 13, 1864 (died 1901). Married second, Josephine E. Tyler, June 25, 1904.
    • father: Billings
    • mother: Mary Amy
    • Wife: Caroline Pitts
    • Wife: Josephine E.
    Henry Brown
    See on larger map
    Born March 2, 1836
    Died September 4, 1913
    (aged 77)
    Nationality
    • January 6, 1860 - June 15, 1875
      Lecturer in law, University of Michigan
    • February 15, 1868 - May 28, 1871
      Professor of medical jurisprudence, Detroit Medical College
    • March 17, 1875 - December 30, 1890
      President Ulysses Grant, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan
    • December 29, 1890 - May 28, 1906
      associate justice, the Supreme Court of the United States

    Award

    Contributor  

    Inga Dabralinskaya last changed 15/11/2011 view changes

    Olga Borisik

    last changed 17/07/2017 view changes
    • interestingFactsNote
    • Relatives
      • Mary A. Tyler
      • Mary Amy Tyler
    • First Name
    • Middle Name
    • School
      • Yale Law School
        • present
        • Main photo
      • Harvard Law School
        • present
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    • College/University
      • Yale
        • present
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    • Career
      • the Supreme Court of the United States
        • Address
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      • the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan
        • Address
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      • University of Michigan
        • Address
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      • Detroit Medical College
        • Address
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    • Major Achievements
      • He edited a collection of rulings and orders in important admiralty cases from inland waters, which is still used as a reference in Black's Law Dictionary. He also compiled a case book on admiralty law for his lectures at Georgetown University. Brown is well-known for the decision in Plessy v. Ferguson, in which he wrote the majority opinion - upholding the principle and legitimacy of "separate but equal" facilities for American blacks and whites.
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    • Awards
      • an honorary Doctor of Laws degree
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    • Address
    • Family description
    • General Info
    • Background
    • Membership description
    • Works
      • book: Brown's Admiralty Reports
        • Link
        • Works description
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    • Relatives
      • Caroline
      • Josephine E.
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      • Billings
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      • Mary Amy
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      • Caroline Pitts
    • School and college years description
    • College/University Description
    • Career Description
    • Personality
    • Quotes from others about the person
    • Physical Characteristics
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