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Allen Daniel Candler

Allen Daniel Candler was a Georgia state legislator, U.S. Representative and the 56th Governor of Georgia.Candler fought in some of the Civil War's most brutal battles.

Education

  • Candler attended country schools.

    Candler studied law briefly.

Career

  • Candler was known as a conservative governor. While he established pensions for Confederate widows, he otherwise cut back both taxes and government expenditures. Candler pushed for the establishment of a whites-only Democratic primary based on the legal notion that the Democratic Party was a private organization and therefore not subject to the Fifteenth Constitutional Amendment giving all Americans the right to vote, regardless of race. Since the Democratic Party had a monopoly on power in Southern states, the real selection of officeholders in Georgia occurred during the Democratic primary to select Democratic candidates for the fall general election. Democrats consistently won all of these offices from the end of Reconstruction in 1871 until the 1970s.

    Candler's tenure as governor coincided with some of the most violent lynchings in Georgia's history. Although he publicly denounced mob violence, at the same time he blamed the victims of these incidents on black criminality and the increasing annoyance among whites of blacks demanding equal treatment. In an incident which culminated with the notorious lynching of Sam Hose in 1899, he berated the "better class" of blacks for not aiding authorities in his apprehension. These views were prominently printed in the Atlanta newspapers alongside those of the editors which urged the mobs on. Candler did ask the courts for speedier trials to head-off mob violence, and even admonished white women for not curtailing this blood-thirsty tendency in their men.

Major achievements

  • Candler County, Georgia, was named in 1914 for Candler in appreciation for his passion and diligence in compiling and editing nearly thirty volumes of the State's historical records from the Colonial, Revolutionary and Confederate periods.

Politics

Party affiliation: Democratic Party

Religion

Denomination: Presbyterian

Connections

  • father: Daniel Gill
  • mother: Nancy Caroline
  • Wife: Eugenia Williams
Allen Candler
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Born November 4, 1834
Died October 26, 1910
(aged 75)
Nationality
Ethnicity:
  • 1859
    Mercer University
  • May, 1862
    lieutenant
  • 1872 - 1878
    Mayor of Gainesville
    Gainesville, Alabama, United States
  • 1894 - 1898
    Secretary of State
    Georgia, United States
  • 1898 - 1902
    governer
  • 1902 - 1910
    compiler of records, Atlanta, Georgia, United States

Contributor  

Violetta Skubko last changed 20/11/2011 view changes
Katya Grishko last changed 27/06/2012 view changes
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    • Personal site: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allen_D._Candler
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