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Jorge Luis Borges (Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges Acevedo)

Jorge Luis BORGES, Argentinian writer;. member national culture commission, 1945.

Background

  • BORGES, Jorge Luis was born on August 24, 1899 in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

  • Education

    • Borges was taught at home until the age of 11, bilingual, reading Shakespeare in English at the age of twelve. The family lived in a large house with an English library of over one thousand volumes.

    Career

    • Borges produced major works in three genres—poetry, essays, and short fiction. His first major books of poetry, Fervor de Buenos Aires and Luna de enfrente, are avant-garde collections influenced by the Ultraist movement; the poems combine urban settings and themes, metaphysical speculations, and a pronounced, often surreal, use of symbolism. His later poetry tends to be more conservative in style. The poems collected in El hacedor (1960; Dreamtigers) and Antologia personal (1961; A Personal Anthology), for example, employ rhyme and meter, ruminate on personal themes, and make reference to his own as well as other works of literature. Borges's works of fiction and nonfiction, as critics note, are often difficult to distinguish from one another. It is frequently observed that many of Borges's short stories are written in essay form; his essays often treat subject matter other authors deal with in fiction; and the very short works he called "parables" seem to defy classification, sharing the qualities of poetry, essays, and short stories. Borges's essay collections—including Inquisiciones (1925), Discusión (1932), and Otras inquisiciones, 1937–1952 (1952; Other Inquisitions, 1937–1952)—address a wide variety of issues and represent many diverse styles. For example, Discusión collects film reviews, articles on metaphysical and aesthetic topics, and includes the essay "Narrative Art and Magic," in which Borges asserts the capacity of fantasy literature to address realistic concerns. Borges's first collection of short stories, A Universal History of Infamy, purports to be an encyclopedia of world criminals, containing brief, seemingly factual accounts of such real and mythical characters as "The Dread Redeemer Lazarus Morell," "The Disinterested Killer Bill Harrigan" (Billy the Kid), and "The Masked Dyer, Hakim of Merv." Ficciones contains many of Borges's most famous works of fiction. In "The Garden of Forking Paths" Borges combines elements of nonfiction writing—for example footnotes, references to scholarly works, and a detached, objective tone of voice—with metaphysical concepts and the structure of a detective story to show how two seemingly unrelated events—crimes committed at different points in history—intersect and resolve each other in a single moment. The enlarged English edition of El Aleph (1949), entitled The Aleph, and Other Stories, 1933–1969 (1970), consists of stories and essays from various periods in Borges's career. In addition to realistic as well as metaphysical stories, the book also includes his informative "Autobiographical Essay."

    Works

    • Inquisitions (Inquisiciones) (1925)
    • The Fervor of Buenos Aires (Fervor de Buenos Aires) (1923)
    • Dreamtigers (El Hacedor) (1960)
    • Other Inquisitions (Otras inquisiciones) (1952)

    Politics

    Politically, Jorge Luis Borges was against Peronism, Marxism and Communism.

    As a political conservative, Borges "was repulsed by Marxism in theory and practice. Abhorring sentimentality, he rejected the politics and poetics of cultural identity that held sway in Latin America for so long." As a universalist, his interest in world literature reflected an attitude that was also incongruent with the Peronist Populist nationalism. That government's confiscation of Borges's job at the Miguel Cané Library fueled his skepticism of government. He labeled himself a Spencerian anarchist, following his father.

    Membership

    Member national culture commission, 1945.

    Personality

    Interests

    Philosophers & Thinkers : Spinoza, Schopenhauer, Plato, Virgil, Nietzsche.

    His favorite film director was Josef von Sternberg, whom he called a "cinematic novelist".

    Connections

    • father: Jorge Borges
    • mother: Leonor Acevedo
    Jorge Borges
    See on larger map
    Born August 24, 1899
    Died June 14, 1986
    (aged 86)
    Nationality
    • 1955 - 1986
      Director, National Public Library
      Buenos Aires, Argentina
    • 1955 - 1986
      professor of English literature, University of Buenos Aires
      Buenos Aires, Argentina

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    • Party affiliation description
    • Awards
      • Premio de Honor
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      • Prix Formentor
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      • Balzan Prize
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      • Prix mondial Cino Del Duca
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      • Cervantes Prize
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      • Legion of Honour
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    • Family description
    • Works
      • book of poetry: The Fervor of Buenos Aires (Fervor de Buenos Aires) (1923)
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      • book of essays: Inquisitions (Inquisiciones) (1925)
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      • prose: Universal History of Infamy (Historia universal de la infamia) (1935)
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      • collection of short stories: The Garden of Forking Paths (El jardín de senderos que se bifurcan) (1941)
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      • collection of short stories: Fictions (Ficciones) (1944)
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      • collection of short stories: The Aleph (El Aleph) (1949)
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      • collection of Essays: Other Inquisitions (Otras inquisiciones) (1952)
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      • collection of prose and poetry: Dreamtigers (El Hacedor) (1960)
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      • book of stories and other writings: Labyrinths (1962)
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    • Background
    • First Name
    • Middle Name
    • School
      • Collège Calvin
        • present
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    • College/University
      • Cambridge University
        • present
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      • Buenos Aires University
        • present
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    • Career
      • National Public Library
        • Address
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      • University of Buenos Aires
        • Address
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    • Awards
      • Legion of Honour
      • Prix Formentor
        • Awards description
      • Legion of Honour
    • Address
    • General Info
    • Background
    • Membership description
    • Works
      • book of poetry: The Fervor of Buenos Aires (Fervor de Buenos Aires) (1923)
        • Link
        • Works description
      • book of essays: Inquisitions (Inquisiciones) (1925)
        • Link
        • Works description
      • prose: Universal History of Infamy (Historia universal de la infamia) (1935)
        • Link
        • Works description
      • collection of short stories: The Garden of Forking Paths (El jardín de senderos que se bifurcan) (1941)
        • Link
        • Works description
      • collection of short stories: Fictions (Ficciones) (1944)
        • Link
        • Works description
      • collection of short stories: The Aleph (El Aleph) (1949)
        • Link
        • Works description
      • collection of essays: Other Inquisitions (Otras inquisiciones) (1952)
        • Link
        • Works description
      • collection of prose and poetry: Dreamtigers (El Hacedor) (1960)
        • Link
        • Works description
      • book of stories and other writings: Labyrinths (1962)
        • Link
        • Works description
    • Relatives
      • Leonor Acevedo
    • School description
    • Personality
    • Quotes from others about the person
    • Physical Characteristics
    • Relatives
      • Jorge Borges
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